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How Many Strains of Weed Are There?

March 20, 2019

Marijuana has been used for both medical and recreational purposes for thousands of years. Sativa and Indica strains have been around since the 18th century while hybrid strains are somewhat new. With a history going back thousands of years, one must wonder just how many strains of weed are there?

This article will help cannabis fans know the differences between the different kinds of marijuana strains available so they can gain a better understanding of them. This will help cannabis users know which strains are best suited for them.

In the United States, weed is used primarily for medical purposes, but some states have legalized recreational cannabis as well. Consuming weed has many different effects, both mentally and physically. Most of the effects of medical and recreational cannabis use are positive, but it also has some adverse effects as well.

The most common effect of marijuana is its ability to relax and calm the user both physically and mentally. It has also been proven to provide momentary relief to patients dealing with body pain, headaches, anxiety, and depression to name a few.

The adverse reactions associated with consuming weed include paranoia, increased anxiety, dry lips, red-eye, and lethargy. Each strain has different flavors, odors, and effects. Let us take a closer look at the three main types of marijuana.

How to Choose Your Favorable Strain

The kind of strain one chooses will determine the kind of high felt when consumed. It also determines how the plants will be raised because different strains require different growing environments and conditions.

When choosing a strain, it is recommended to carefully consider the kind of cannabis experience one hopes to achieve. For starters, look at the strains as if they’re separated on a spectrum. On one hand, there are indica strains that provide a relaxing and euphoric high, while on the other hand there are sativas that give users more energy and increases alertness. Hybrids are also available for users who want to experience a combination of both sativa and indica effects.  

Choosing a strain isn’t as simple as it looks though because cannabis contains 80 known cannabinoids that affect different parts of the body and brain. Having a better understanding of how each strain will impact the user personally will help make the decision a little easier.

Classification of Strains

There are three main types of cannabis, and they are:

  • Indica
  • Sativa
  • Hybrids

Let us take a closer look at each category.


This strain is said to have originated in Afghanistan’s Hindu Kush region. Indicas are distinguished by their short and bushy appearance. They produce more yields and have shorter maturation compared to the other cannabis types.

Indica strains are mostly used for medical purposes because of their ability to reduce inflammation and provide temporary relief from body pain. It has also been used in states where medical cannabis is legal to help insomniacs and other users who have difficulty sleeping.

It has a more relaxed high compared to sativa strains which have a more energetic high. Its effects are more calming and relaxing, and it’s also been known to cause the munchies, a condition where one feels strong hunger pangs.

Examples of popular indica strains are Northern Lights, Bubble Kush, Pineapple Kush, and Pineapple Chunk strain.


Sativa strains can grow quite tall and have a lanky appearance and can reach heights of up to 20 feet. They are a favorite of recreational users because of the uplifting and energetic high that they can give. Its effects lean mostly towards the cerebral side. They are perfect for users who need an energy boost and a shot of creativity. It is excellent for combating mood swings and treating the symptoms of certain mental conditions such as depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder.

Sativa plants also have a high amount of THC; thus, they are not usually prescribed for medical use because they are more suited for recreational smokers. Examples of popular sativa strains are Jack Herer, Candyland, Island Sweet Skunk, and Green Crack.

Hybrid Cannabis

Hybrid strains are the result of a crossing between an indica and sativa. Think of hybrids as the offspring of two cannabis parents. Their mixed genetics mean they will display the traits of either one or both parents depending on their lineage. Most growers prefer cultivating hybrid strains because they can get the best of both worlds in terms of effects.

They provide a mix of both physical and mental effects. Examples of popular hybrid strains are Lemon Diesel strain, OG Kush, THC Bomb strainSunset Sherbet strain, Blue Dream, Pineapple Express, and Sour Grape strain.

Hybrids are perfect for growers who want to add some variety to their grow garden, and they are a good choice for smokers who want to get high both physically and mentally. Those who are new to the cannabis scene are recommended to try out hybrid strains so they can experience first-hand how smoking cannabis makes one feel. Hybrid strains can also be used for medical purposes as they can provide patients with balanced effects that they can benefit from with regular use.

Hybrid strains are all products of experimentation. Growers are experimenting with breeding different strains to see what they can come up with. Smokers are experimenting to experience the different hits that each strain delivers. New hybrids are being introduced to the cannabis world every year, so it’s difficult to keep up with the number of hybrid strains out right now.

People shouldn’t be surprised if we get another 20 new hybrids introduced in the next 12 months because growers have become more sophisticated than ever. It’s a great time to be a cannabis fan simply because of the potential of getting a new strain each month. So how many strains of weed are there? This is a question that may never have a definite answer, but that’s not a bad thing at all for people who enjoy growing and consuming cannabis.

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